Who Designed the Deck of Cards?

A deck of card is everywhere. We see them waiting in line at a supermarket, on a billboard by the freeway, in a magician’s hand and even some children’s books. The spades, diamonds, hearts, and clovers along with the face cards with kings, queens and jacks are a familiar site to all of us. But who came up with this and what do they mean? Why did they choose the four shapes and why do all the face cards look different?

The four suits (spades, diamonds, hearts, and clovers) originated from France in approximately 1480. The spade was copied from the leaf and club from acorn from the German suits while hearts stayed the same the whole time, diamonds came about from coins. Also, in the 15th century, the Europeans changed the face cards to represent members of royalties (kings, queens) and a servant, or knave which is now commonly called a Jack. Each of the face cards have their own unique name, not used by many people.

The King cards are named after many great kings of the past. The King of spades is named after King David, king of hearts Charles, king of diamonds as Julius Caesar, and finally the king of clubs as Alexander the Great. The Queen cards are named after famous female figures from both mythological and real history. The King of Spades is named Pallas, who is the daughter of Triton and a foster parent to Athena in the Greek mythology, queen of hearts as Judith, who is infamous for slaying Homofernes, queen of diamonds as Rachel, and queen of clubs as Argine. Lastly, the Knave or the Jack cards are named after famous right hand man for a king. Jack of spades is Ogier the Dane, a knight of Charlemagne, jack of hearts as La Hire, a comrade of Joan of Arc, jack of diamonds as Hector from Troy, and lastly jack of clubs as Lancelot from the round table of King Arthur.

Other designs such as the index in the corner enabled players to hold the cards in one hand rather than two to look at the full picture of the card. The knave was originally indexed Kn but since it looked similar to the King’s index so they borrowed the term jack from the game All Fours to replace knave in 1600s but it was once considered vulgar to use the term Jack. The reversible court or face cards are made so that the players are not tempted to turn upside-down face cards the right side up, resulting in hinting the other players that they have some sort of a face card in their hands.

People say that the deck of cards holds religious, metaphysical, or astronomical symbolism. Four suits as four seasons, 13 cards as 13 phases of the lunar cycle, red and black for day and night, 52 cards as the number of weeks in a year, and with all the numbers added up, resulting in 364 days representing a year. Other nick names for each card exist, such as Beelzebub for duce of spades and what not. Now the next time you play cards with your friends, throw in some excitement by using some of these terms to amuse them and bring a little fun to the table.

Bluffing in 7 Card Stud

The concept of bluffing while playing poker has become second nature to a high number of players both on the live poker scene as well as the online poker world. The thought of being able to give the impression that you are holding a strong hand in order to gain to your financial wealth is something that seems to appeal massively to new and weaker players. This situation means that there is a high percentage of hands that are played with the prospect of the players making a play that is not true to their real hand strength.

Bluffing in the 7 card stud poker variant is seen to be one of the hardest games to incorporate bluffing into due to players being able to see a number of exposed cards within your hand, giving them more information into the possible hands that your hand could contain. There are two forms of bluffing that a player has the opportunity to use:

Semi Bluff

A semi bluff is a play that is made by a player who is holding a hand that carries some value but their betting action would credit the hand to hold more strength than it actually has. This type of bluff is considered to be the safest form of bluffing because the player is making a play with a hand that could offer the possibility of winning the pot should they get a call from an opponent and have the need to fall back on the hands strength. Due to the smaller risk that this form of bluff carries, it is thought that this is the most common bluff used by players of all abilities.

Pure Bluff

This style of bluff is where a player is willing to take a huge risk in making a strong play while they are holding a hand that carries no strength other than a high card, something that 95% of the time will see the player lose the hand. If executed well, a pure bluff can become one of the biggest adrenaline boosts available to a player, knowing that being able to make a player laydown a hand that carried some strength when you are holding a hand that wouldn’t even place offers a great feeling.

This form of bluff is mostly used by either new poker players who are still trying to learn their trade within the game of poker or by strong, tight players who are looking to mix up their playing style in order to remain hard to read. The pure bluff is not recommended when a player is playing the 7 card stud poker variant because opponents that are seated at the table are able to obtain information about possible hands that you could be holding due to the number of cards that are exposed and dealt face up for all to see.

So what should you remember when considering making a bluff in 7 card stud poker?

1. Being hard to read is a key attribute

Is a player falls into a regular pattern of play, their hands can become predictable and so mixing your playing style is highly recommended. This means that players are less likely to know that you are trying to deceive them with your bet.

2. Making a bluff will be more profitable then folding

This speaks for itself, if you are able to successfully able to execute a bluff and are able to scare our opponent out of a hand, you will win more chips than if you fold you hand.

3. Do your opponents show any weaknesses?

Being able to find and expliot an opponents weaknesses is the most profitable way to play poker. This is because if you can locate a situation that your opponents are uncomforatble in, you can place pressure on them and they are more likely to fold due to uncertainty.

4. Playing a bluff reduces other players from doing so

If you are caught playing a bluff, players will see that you are willing to risk your chip stack in order to play your hand in a way that is more powerful than it should be played. This will mean that less players will be willing to play a bluff as they will be looking for ways to counter your play to their benefit.

5. Revealing a successful bluff can prove costly

If you are able to execute a bluff successfully you should keep your cards hidden, keeping your opponents wondering about what cards you could have being holding at the time of your bet. Showing your cards removes the mystery and reveals that you were making a bet with a hand that was of no significant strength and so will lead to more players being willing to call your next bluff.

6. What level of opponent are you playing against

One of the worst traits that a player could fall into is trying to bluff a poor player. A poor player who is either inexperienced or generally bad at playing the game is more likely to call your play due to the inability to fold. This can prove costly if you are trying to make a pure bluff.

7. Remember what poker variant you are playing

Before making a bluff you should always look to remember the poker variant that you are playing. This is because different variants offer a different amount of information that your opponents are able to obtain about your hand.

For example, when playing texas hold’em poker you are dealt two cards that remain face down and hidden from your opponents so playing a bluff will be easier than playing a bluff within 7 card stud.

This is because the level of information that is exposed to your opponents is significantly higher within this variant due to the exposed cards.

8. Do you really need to make a bluff at this moment of play?

The number of players that forget to weigh this factor up is huge and so means that their play can see them losing more chips than if they just laid their hand down.

If you are not holding a hand that carries any strength and the pot only consists of the blinds at a low level, it is advised that you don’t try to play a bluff as the level of chips that are in the central pot is too low to risk being called in this situation.

Gambling on Line, Can You Lose it All?

Any time you gamble you take a chance of losing. What you lose and how much will be up to the individual. There are many ways to gamble in life and on line. Any time you place money on any site you are risking losing that money. On line gambling has started out as fun and relaxing for some people, but now has become a habit that they can’t quit. It’s all right if you want to place a few dollars on a game for fun. Don’t expect to win! If you do it will be a nice surprise. People who take the money that is needed to live are risking losing more then just a few dollars in a game. They risk losing their homes and sometimes families.

It’s not hard to gamble and lose money on line. It is easy to set up a bank account and make deposits on the online gambling sites. The question is what are you as a person willing to gamble and lose with? Some people can lose a few dollars and stop there while others keep trying to win back what they put in the first time. What most people don’t realize is that if they win back the money it is very easy to use that money for the next round of playing.

You can lose more than what you realize in just a few days. If you do gamble online, try keeping a tally of your loses and wins. Go back over it every few days to see how much you are winning against how much you are losing. Odds are you are losing more than you are winning. If the odds are not against you the computer is. Most game rooms have bots in them whether you know this or not. A bot is a computer program that is designed to play and win. When you play against one of these you might as will hand over your money then.

Ever heard the saying “The house always wins?” this is true even online. The sites that you play on take a rake of everyone playing. It might not seem like a lot, twenty-five cents don’t seem like much. Add that with nine people at a table and millions of tables being played online, it’s quite a bit of money. So why do they use bots? If you don’t have to pay first place players, just second or third place you can save money that way. A lot of people gamble and lose online everyday. How much you lose is up to you, yes you can lose it all!